Wildlife Acoustics | Bioacoustic monitoring systems for research, science, industry and governments.

Wind power, the transformation of energy from moving air into electrical power, is a major step forward in reducing the effects of carbon emissions from the use of fossil fuels. Although the long-term benefits of harnessing wind power are great, there are some environmental costs that are inevitable including bat fatality.

Globally, the growth rate of suburbanization is greater than the human population growth rate, and suburban cover now exceeds 25% of land in most developed countries. Suburban sprawl, essentially landscape conversion, is a major issue effecting biodiversity loss. Amphibians are known to be the most rapidly declining taxa and landscape conversion is recognized as a driving factor in this decline. However, wood frogs (Rana sylvatica) have been studied as a suburban -tolerant species. In fact, they can be found breeding in ponds surrounded by over 70% suburban cover.

Ask any biologist about their fieldwork and war stories of nature's fury will surely arise. The Kaua'i Endangered Seabird Recovery Project have their own stories to tell. The pictures may look idyllic, but the terrain they work in is extremely challenging.

Environment and Climate Change Canada is the federal government department that is responsible for the conservation and management of migratory birds in Canada. However, the status of most songbirds breeding in northern boreal regions is poorly known given limited geographic coverage of current monitoring programs.

Wildlife Ecology Field Training to Get the Experience to Succeed

Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) in the United Kingdom has been helping students for over twenty years gain practical experience before entering the workforce. Dr. Huw Lloyd, Senior Lecturer in Wildlife Ecology at MMU, conducts a 6-day field course, including one at the Caer Llan Field Centre in Monmouthshire, South Wales, for first year undergraduates (~19-21 years of age) on designing and conducting a field research project, which now includes bioacoustics.

Living Options Devon is a registered charity working across the southwest of the United Kingdom to ensure that people who are deaf or with disabilities can live the lives they choose. The organization's program, Heritage Ability, is intended to make heritage sites accessible to all visitors, regardless of physical abilities.

Montana is the 4th largest state in the United States, covering more than 147,000 square miles (380,800 square km) and is larger than most countries. When caving groups and federal, state, tribal, and nongovernmental organizations became concerned about detecting and mitigating the threat of Pseudogymnoascus destructans, also known as White Nose Syndrome (WNS), these stakeholders met to do something about it.

In Maryland, USA, a group of 1300 amateur scientists teamed up to document species of amphibians and reptiles by using high tech acoustic monitoring devices and mapping technology. They're the seventh graders of Calvert County School System and they're an integral part of the Maryland Amphibian and Reptile Atlas (MARA).

Richmond upon Thames is situated 10 miles southwest of Central London. The River Thames runs for over 10 miles through the borough and the town is the starting point for a scenic nature walk along the Thames. The Duke of Northumberland's River (DNR) runs for approximately four kilometers from where it leaves the River Crane and leads into the Thames. This river channel dates back to the 1500s as a mill stream and water supply for the region.

In the UK, the monitoring of bats is undertaken on a large scale through the National Bat Monitoring Programme (NBMP) run by the Bat Conservation Trust (www.bats.org.uk). This long-term monitoring programme relies upon trained volunteers to provide robust population trends for 11 of the UK's 17 breeding bat species. Not all bat species, however, are easily monitored through the NBMP.

Ecoacoustics is an emerging cross discipline combining bioacoustics and ecology as a method for monitoring and managing the environment. The Centro Interdisciplinare di Bioacustica e Ricerche Ambientali (CIBRA) at Università degli Studi di Pavia has been a key player in the development and progression of Ecoacoustics research. In Professor Gianni Pavan's paper, "Bioacoustics and Ecoacoustics Applied to Environmental Monitoring and Management," Ecoacoustics attempts to, "describe the acoustic environment in terms of quality, quietness, richness, complexity and diversity".

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